The Providence is an epithermal deposit of silver, lead, copper and zinc hosted in conglomerate sediments from the Quaternary (Conglomerate The Providencia, Peralta and Sureda, 1992. Pleistocene), which overlap the tectonic contact with red sediments of the Pastos Grandes group (Sijes Formation) of the Upper Tertiary. The latter are based on the unconformity of the Ordovician pelites and wackes of the Acoite Formation.
It is a deposit of metals dispersed in sediments, where there is a higher concentration of them in the fractures that affect the conglomerate. These fractures were possibly the means of transport of the mineralizing fluids from a source whose location and geometric arrangement is still uncertain.